Socrates ( 470/469 BC – 399 BC) was a classical Athenian philosopher. He is one the founding fathers of western philosophy.
He used a series of questions that later came to be known as the Socratic Question to challenge his students to the accuracy and completeness of their thinking.
1. Questions for clarification:
• Why do you say that?
• How does this relate to our discussion?
• What do you mean by?
• What do we already know about...?
2. Questions that probe assumptions:
• What could we assume instead?
• How can you verify or disapprove that assumption?
• Could you explain why you arrived at that conclusion? (Explain how...)
• What would happen if...?
• Do you agree or disagree with this statement...?
3. Questions that probe reasons and evidence:
• What would be an example?
• What is....analogous to?
• What do you think causes to happen...? Why:?
• What evidence is there to support your answer?
4. Questions about Viewpoints and Perspectives:
• What would be an alternative?
• What is another way to look at it?
• Would you explain why it is necessary-or beneficial and who benefits?
• Why is the best?
• What are the strengths and weaknesses of...?
• How are...and ...similar?
• What is a counter argument for...?
• Compare... and... with regard to...
5. Questions that probe implications and consequences:
• What generalizations can you make?
• What are the consequences of that assumption?
• What are you implying?
• How does...affect...?
• How does...tie in with what we havelearned before?
• Why is... important?
6. Questions about the question:
• What was the point of this question?
• Why do you think I asked this question?
• What does...mean?
• How does...apply to everyday life?